From Bubble to Rubble: $10 Trillion Home Mortgage Debt Tanks Economy

Max Fraad Wolff Feb 4, 2008

By Max Fraad Wolff

Amid a slumping economy, our selfless agents in Washington have a series of stimulating ideas to get votes. Oops, I mean to help hard working families that vote. Help how? They will be sending tax rebates that should arrive in June, around the time the presidential election shifts into high gear. Along with the checks are various assistances to business, which should help our political leaders with fundraising and media coverage.

The White House proposal is to distribute $600 to individual taxpayers and $1,200 to households. The average range for a monthly mortgage payment is $1,800 to $2,400, including related costs. The average minimum monthly credit card payment is $400. This gives you an idea of how vital and massive the assistance will be. Of the $150 billion proposed stimulus, around $100 billion would go to individuals and the rest to businesses to encourage investment spending.

But before examining the stimulus plan, we need to peek in on the slump that is inspiring all this stimulation.


The economy has been wheezing for several months, most visibly with severe weakness in housing. Across the nation all things related to homes have been heading down, down, down. New building permits have fallen. Sales of existing homes have fallen. Sales of new homes have fallen. Home prices have fallen. Retail sales related to all things for the home have fallen. Jobs in construction, retail, realty and household finance have been vanishing at a rapid clip. It’s likely that we are less than halfway through our housing difficulties.

Financial markets have suffered as builders, bankers and retailers have seen their stock prices and profits tumble. Home buyers, car buyers and credit card holders are increasingly paying late or missing payments. Many creditors have and will likely continue to report massive losses. This kind of pain, pain for banks, financial firms and large investors, registers quickly in Washington.

Much assistance has been given to distressed financial institutions. Meetings have been held, mergers facilitated and massive quantities of cash — hundreds of billions—has been made available.

The Treasury Department and Federal Reserve have led these efforts. The Fed has slashed interest rates five times since last fall, most recently a 0.5 percent cut on Jan. 30. The cuts apply to interest rates banks get when borrowing from the Fed and interest rates bank charge each other to borrow reserves. So far this has only slowed and softened our descent. Interestingly, these actions were fast and very large and are ongoing.


Less obvious to those inside the Beltway has been growing pain in American households. Well over a quarter million people lost their homes in the second half of 2007. More than a million Americans could face foreclosure in 2008. Tough times mean Americans have been spending less and many have been pushed off the debt cliff.

With stagnant wages and rising prices, millions kept up middle class spending by turning their homes into ATMs. Between 2002 and August 2007 we borrowed an addition $4.4 trillion in home loans. This almost matches precisely the total increase in disposable income — all types of income to all people — of $4.5 trillion during the same period! That is how we ended up with a big, fat, dragging slump and $10.4 trillion in home mortgage debt.

How do we dig our way out of the slump? Stimulation. This means the government spends more and, or taxes less. Either way, our deficit grows. If the government cuts taxes it reduces its revenues. If the government increases spending it pays out more money. In both cases the budget deficit rises and the government borrows more.

The idea of more borrowing for consumer spending is based on years of responding to economic trouble with more borrowing and more spending. Present plans bring to mind a great quote from Albert Einstein: “Insanity is doing the same thing and expecting a different result.”

The stimulus package is modest in size, scope and likelihood of success. Fiscal policies like these require months to have broad economic effects — if they work at all. Losses in wealth from one hour of turbulence in the markets often exceed $150 billion. And the stimulus proposal represents just 0.7 percent of the value of America’s $21 trillion in real estate holdings. If house prices continue to decline, this will dwarf the best case results of the stimulus package outlined. Nonetheless, these plans have symbolic value that is important and will help some of the affected parties. Something beats nothing.

I am not excited about the stimulus, however. Giving more money to consumers and having Uncle Sam borrow the difference is a poor cure. Our larger more structural problems stem already from too much consumer spending and massive government debt, $9.2 trillion at this moment.

If we really need to free up funds to assist the public, perhaps we could raise some money by trimming our expensive war habit in Iraq.

Max Fraad Wolff is an economist who teaches in The New School University’s Graduate Program in International Affairs.

His international economics and finance strategy work appears regularly online, including the websites The Asia Times, The Huffington Post, Global MacroScope, The Prudent Bear and Seeking Alpha.

For more on the economy:
A Better Way to Stimulate

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