When Mayra Aldás-Deckert moved to the U.S. from her home in Ecuador in 2005, she, along with the rest of her family, was undocumented.
“We moved here, like everybody else, with a hope that my sisters and I would have a better future, a better education…better economic opportunities,” she said.
For seven years, Aldás-Deckert lived in the shadows. In 2012, she married an American and got a green card, which gave her permanent residency status. Last December, at the age of 31, she became a citizen. She cast her first vote in an American election in the New York State primaries in April.
“It was so empowering…because I come from a country that as soon as you turn 18, you have to vote. I’ve always wanted to do that…now I can,” Aldás-Deckert said. “I can do it for my sisters, I can do it for my family, I can do it for the rest of the undocumented community that are still waiting for comprehensive immigration reform that will benefit them.”
Almost a million people have applied for U.S. citizenship since the beginning of 2016. This marks a 23 percent increase over the same period in 2015. Citizenship applications are historically higher in election years, and this year, between October 2015 and June 2016, applications were up 8 percent over the same period in 2012. Many immigration advocates across the country tie Donald Trump’s anti-immigrant policies and rhetoric to the rise in applications.
Aldás-Deckert is now a community engagement coordinator at the New York Immigration Coalition (NYIC), an advocacy organization that represents over 200 groups working with immigrants, refugees, and asylees. She says that fear of a Trump presidency has motivated many of New York’s Latinx residents to become citizens and voters.
“I know personal stories of people who had the green card for 10, 15 years — they kept renewing it, thinking ‘I’m fine with the green card, I’m afraid of the test, I don’t speak English, I don’t have the money,’” Aldás-Deckert said. “This is pushing them, this immigrant rhetoric is pushing them to become citizens, to say, ‘no, you don’t get to talk about my community like that.’”
A combination of her admiration for Hillary Clinton and her deep dislike of Donald Trump motivated Patricia Pavez to become a U.S. citizen and register to vote in this election. Pavez, who has lived in New York City since moving from her native Chile in 1978, said that the stakes in this presidential election are higher than she’s ever seen them, both for the U.S. and the rest of the world.
“Everybody in Chile, everybody in Latin America has their eyes on the United States, the whole world is looking at this election,” Pavez said. “That is maybe why I’m motivated to participate. I feel my country and family is sitting there and watching.”
COMMUNAL SELF-DEFENSE: Mayra Aldás-Deckert, a community engagement coordinator at the New York Immigration Coalition, says fear of a Trump presidency has motivated many of New York’s Latinx residents to become citizens and voters. (Credit: Eliza Relman)
Due to the spike in citizenship applications and a lack of preparedness at the United States Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS), almost 500,000 residents nationwide are currently awaiting answers on their applications.
New York City’s Public Advocate, Letitia James, is calling on President Obama to provide emergency support to USCIS to speed the review of applications, 60,000 of which belong to New York City residents.
“Not only do these individuals deserve their citizenship, their absolute, indisputable right to live in this country, but they deserve the right to vote,” James said at a press conference on October 5.
NYIC communications manager Thanu Yakupitiyage called the backlog “disheartening” and hypocritical, noting that the White House Task Force on New Americans has actively encouraged lawful permanent residents to apply for citizenship.
“USCIS has the power to hasten these applications,” Yakupitiyage said. “The White House itself were the ones who called for immigrants to become citizens, and so they really need to do something.”
Meanwhile, Trump has accused the federal government of fast-tracking citizenship applications before the election to get more immigrants to the polls to vote for Democrats. In early October, he told a meeting of the National Border Patrol Council, “They’re letting people pour into the country so they can go and vote.”
Power Outside of Voting
While the majority of New York City’s three million foreign-born residents are citizens, about 500,000 are undocumented. Roksana Mun is an organizer with Desis Rising Up and Moving, a group with almost 3,000 predominantly South Asian and Indo-Caribbean members, the majority of whom either have green cards or are undocumented. Mun says that much work remains to be done to help non-voting residents play more active roles in shaping policy.
“Organizing becomes the way our communities are able to have a voice and get their power, outside of being a voting bloc,” Mun said. But she added that many, particularly undocumented individuals, do not have the time or resources to be civically or politically engaged, “Pretty much all of our members work ten, fourteen hour shifts, seven days a week.”
Mun noted that many struggle to see meaningful differences between candidates and political parties in their policies surrounding immigration, racial justice, and workers’ rights.
“Regardless of Trump’s rhetoric and Clinton’s rhetoric, the practice is that deportations are still continuing even under a progressive president like Obama,” Mun said. “For them, rhetoric is one thing, but they understand the practice of that is already happening.”
Aber Kawas, the youth lead organizer at the Arab American Association of New York, works with undocumented individuals to engage them in policy advocacy efforts. The Association holds workshops on the fight for the $15 minimum wage, immigrants’ rights while interacting with law enforcement, and how to be involved in the public education system.
“We don’t want voting to be the primary focus for people. We want to talk about the many ways that you can be politically engaged,” Kawas said.
No Pasarán: Almost four decades after immigrating to the US, Patricia Pavez got her citizenship this year so that she could vote against Donald Trump. (Credit: John Tarleton)
In July, Mayor Bill de Blasio expanded the number of languages that voter registration forms are translated into from 11 to 16. Eighty percent of citizens with limited English proficiency should now have access to registration forms in their native language, according to the Mayor’s office. City polling places will also be required to have ballots translated into these 16 languages.
While this is a step towards greater enfranchisement — and legally mandated under the Voting Rights Act — many advocates say it is not enough to get immigrant citizens actively engaged in the political process.
“We need to ensure that the voter materials that are mailed to people, the voter guides, are in those languages,” Murad Awawdeh, NYIC’s director of political engagement, said. “We need to ensure that when people get to the polls, they can speak to someone who speaks their language.”
But Awawdeh thinks the most significant barrier to political engagement in immigrant communities is a lack of civic education. “This is all about education, if you can’t educate people about why this is super important for them to do, then you’re failing,” he said.
Mun doubts the expansion of language access will make a substantial difference in voter engagement this fall.
“I wouldn’t imagine voting would necessarily change just because the number of languages that are available has increased,” Mun said. “To me, the question is: is there active outreach on the ground that goes out to community members, day to day, informing them? It takes way more steps than just registering somebody to vote.”
Kawas says that many individuals in the communities she works with have never participated in the political process before, either in the U.S. or their home countries.
“A lot of times, immigrants who are coming in are coming in as refugees,” Kawas said. “They might not believe in the political system [or] they may have lived under a political system that didn’t work for them. I think that population of people are people we need to have conversations with.”
Getting Out the Vote
Immigration advocacy and organizing groups have worked hard throughout the fall to register and educate as many new voters as possible and are planning aggressive get-out-the-vote efforts leading up to Election Day.
Mohammad Razvi, executive director the Council of Peoples Organization, told The Indypendent that his team has registered more voters, most of whom are South Asian immigrants, than ever before in the organization’s 14-year history.
James Hong, who directs the MinKwon Center for Community Action, said that his coalition is knocking on thousands of doors and calling tens of thousands of people. The 19 organizations that the MinKwon Center works with expect to collectively contact over 100,000 Asian-American voters by November 8.
“We’ve been training other organizations, refining a message that will speak to our communities,” Hong said.
What's a Woman to Do? by Maria Muentes
Feds Carry Out Stealth Raids Against NYC Immigrants by Alina Mogilyanskaya