Berlin, Germany – Voters in Italy turned out in droves on Monday to scrap nuclear energy and water privatization. As polls on referendums on four key pieces of government legislation closed on Monday afternoon, the 50 percent hurdle required for the voter turnout to count had been cleared. The latest count put the quorum at 57 percent.
Nuclear energy was one of four items on the ballot. The others include water privatization (two questions) and whether or not government officials must appear in court when they face criminal trials. Election results are anticipated by the end of the day, but it’s already clear that most Italians have rejected these legislations.
Following the 1987 Chernobyl disaster, Italy decided to shut down its four nuclear power plants. The last operating plant closed in 1990. Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi reversed this decision in 2008. After the Fukushima disaster, Berlusconi announced a one-year moratorium on his plans for new nuclear power plants. But he intended to rekindle Italy’s nuclear energy program in 2014.
The outcome of this weekend’s referendum sends a further crushing message to Berlusconi, who most recently lost heavily in regional elections in late May. Berlusconi pretty much admitted defeat when he told reporters at the press conference in Rome: “In respect to the people’s will, we shall say goodbye to nuclear energy.”
The referendum also sends a strong signal to the nuclear energy industry as Italy joins Switzerland and Germany in shelving plans for nuclear energy. The role of the people — either in voting as in Italy, or in demonstrating as in Switzerland and Germany — was in each country critical to bring pressure on their governments.
After anti-nuclear demonstrations in May, Switzerland decided to shelve plans to continue nuclear energy. Switzerland’s five existing reactors will remain in operation until the end of their lifespan with the last one being decommissioned in 2034. Nuclear energy provides about 40 percent of Switzerland’s current energy, which Switzerland states will be met by increased renewable energy.
Switzerland is not alone in its decision to phase out nuclear energy. On May 30, German Chancellor Angela Merkel announced that Germany would phase out all nuclear energy by the end of 2022, after more than 100,000 had protested nuclear energy in over 20 cities across Germany.
Germany will achieve this goal by increasing efficiency of buildings (for example, by renovating buildings with insulation in walls and double glazing windows); and by ramping up renewable energy.
While some doubt whether Germany’s energy needs can be met by renewable energy sources, numerous studies suggest that it is entirely feasible, including the Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research.
In March, the EU published its “Roadmap for Moving to a Competitive Low-Carbon Economy by 2050,” outlining how the EU could reduce its greenhouse gas emissions 80 to 95 percent by 2050 based on 1990 levels. Renewable energy will form a large part of the EU’s new low carbon economy.
In order to ramp up this low carbon grid, the EU identified three key factors: improving energy efficiency; investing in the energy market to create a zero carbon infrastructure (for example, by investing in the development of renewable energy, such wind and solar); and by ensuring continent-wide electricity grid interconnections.
The EU added, “We also call attention to the IPCC’s recent report on Renewable Energy. Renewable is available and it is affordable, so we need to implement and use it, because it reduces greenhouse gas emissions.”
Last month, the UN Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), released a study finding that 80 percent of the world’s energy needs could be met through renewable energy sources by 2050. Later this month, June 28-29, the first European regulatory conference will take place to discuss safety regulations and also the challenges the nuclear industry in Europe will face over the next 10 years.
Tina Gerhardt is an independent journalist who covers climate change, international negotiations and energy policy. Her work has appeared in Alternet, Earth Island Journal, Environment News Service, Grist, In These Times, The Nation and The Progressive. She has also appeared on The Laura Flanders Show, the National Radio Project and WBAI.
This article was originally published on EarthIsland.org.