Ten years ago, Iraqis braced themselves for the anticipated “shock and awe” attacks that the United States was planning to launch against them. The media buildup for the attack assured Iraqis that barbarous assaults were looming. I was living in Baghdad at the time, along with other Voices in the Wilderness activists determined to remain in Iraq, come what may. We didn’t want the U.S.-led military and economic war to sever bonds that had grown between ourselves and the Iraqis who had befriended us over the past seven years. Since 1996, we had traveled to Iraq numerous times, carrying medicine for children and families there, in open violation of the economic sanctions that directly targeted the most vulnerable people in Iraq — the poor, the elderly and children.
I still feel haunted by children and their heartbroken mothers and fathers who we met in Iraqi hospitals.
“I think I understand,” murmured my friend Martin Thomas, a nurse from the U.K., as he sat in a pediatric ward in a Baghdad hospital in 1997. “It’s a death row for infants.” Nearly all of the children were condemned to death, some after many days of writhing in pain on bloodstained mats — and all this without pain relievers. Some died quickly, wasted by water-borne diseases. As the fluids ran out of their bodies, they appeared like withered, spoiled fruits. They could have lived, certainly should have lived — and laughed and danced, and run and played — but instead they were punished by sanctions against a dictatorship over which civilians had no control.
The war ended for those children, but it has never ended for survivors who carry memories of them. Likewise, the effects of the U.S. bombings continue.
Upon arrival in Baghdad, we would always head to Al Fanar Hotel, which had housed scores of previous delegations.
Often, international guests like us were the hotel’s only clients. But in early March of 2003, rooms were filling quickly at Al Fanar. The owner invited his family members, some of his neighbors and their children to move in, perhaps hoping that the United States wouldn’t attack a residence known to house internationals.
Parents in Iraq name themselves after their oldest child. Abu Miladah, the father of two small girls, Miladah and Zainab, was the hotel’s night desk clerk. He arranged for his wife, Umm Miladah, to move with their two small daughters into the hotel. Umm Miladah warmly welcomed us to meet her children. It was a blessed release to laugh and play with the children, and our antics and games seemed at least to distract Umm Miladah from her rising anxiety as we waited for the United States to rain bombs and missiles.
When the attacks began, Umm Miladah could often be seen shuddering from fear. Day and night, explosions would rattle the windows and cause Al Fanar’s walls to shake. Ear-splitting blasts and thuds would come from all directions, near and far, over the next two weeks. I would often hold Miladah, who was three years old, and Zainab, her 18-month-old baby sister, in my arms. That’s how I realized that they both had begun to grind their teeth, morning, noon and night. Several times, we witnessed eight-year-old Dima, the daughter of another hotel worker, gazing up in forlorn shame at her father from a pool of her own urine, having lost control of her bladder in the first days of “Shock and Awe.”
After weeks, when the bombing finally
ended, when we could exhale a bit, realizing we had all survived, I was eager to take Miladah and Zainab outside. I wanted them to feel the sun’s warmth, but first I headed over to their mother, wanting to know if she felt it was all right for me to step out with her children.
She was seated in the hotel lobby, watching the scene outside. U.S. Marines were uncurling large bales of barbed wire to set up a checkpoint immediately outside our hotel. Beige military jeeps, armored personnel carriers, tanks and Humvees lined the streets in every direction. Tears streamed down Umm Miladah’s face. “Never before did I think that this would happen to my country,” she said. “And I feel very sad. And this sadness, I think it will never go away.”
She was a tragic prophet.
The war had just ended for those killed during the “Shock and Awe” bombing and invasion, and it was to abruptly end for many thousands killed in the ensuing years of military occupation and civil war. But it won’t end for the survivors.
Consequences of war continue for the 2.2 million people who have been displaced by bombing and chaos, whose livelihoods are irreparably destroyed, and who have become refugees in other countries, separated from loved ones and unlikely to ever reclaim the homes and communities from which they had to flee hastily. Within Iraq, an estimated 2.8 million internally displaced people live, according to Refugees International, “in constant fear, with limited access to shelter, food and basic services.”
The war also hasn’t ended for people who are survivors of torture or for those who followed orders and became torturers.
Nor has it ended for the multiple generations of U.S. taxpayers who will continue paying for a war that economists Linda Bilmes and Joseph Stiglitz have, so far, priced at $4 trillion.
For Bradley Manning — whose bravery exposed criminal actions on the part of U.S. warlords complicit in torture, death squads and executions — the war most certainly isn’t over. He lives as an isolated war hero and whistleblower, facing decades or perhaps life in prison.
The war may never end for veterans who harbor physical and emotional wounds. On March 19, on the 10th anniversary of the invasion, members of Iraq Veterans Against the War, joined by the Center for Constitutional Rights and other activist groups, gathered in front of the White House to launch an initiative claiming their right to heal. Rightfully, they’re calling for health care, accountability and reparations, and just as rightfully, they’re calling for our support.
A civilized country would heed their call. A civilized country would demand heartfelt reparations to the people of Iraq and cease to interfere in their internal affairs. It would secure freedom and official praise for whistleblowers like Bradley Manning, and liberate itself from subservience to warlords and war profiteers. Gandhi was once asked, “What do you think of western civilization?” And famously, he answered, “I think it would be a good idea.”
This article originally appeared on WagingNonviolence.org.